Catalonia, an open and dynamic economy

Catalonia is a country of Mediterranean Europe, with a GDP of over 200 billion euros and a GDP per capita of more than 28 thousand euros. With an area of 32.106,5 km2, it has a population of 7.5 million inhabitants.



The industrial sector represents 20.2% of GVA. There are some industries that highlight:

food and beverage


chemicals and petroleum refining


metallurgy and manufacture of metal products


transport materials



The branches that have gained more weight in the industrial structure during the last 15 years are: energy, sanitation and waste management, power, chemical industries and pharmaceuticals.

Regarding the agricultural sector it represents 0.9% of total GVA in Catalonia and 3.6% of GVA including the food industry. Final agricultural production stands at around 4,300 million euros, 65.12% corresponding to livestock and 32.07% to agriculture.

The external sector is one of the strong points of the Catalan economy. Catalonia has a high degree of trade openness (a 116.9% of GDP) in line with other small and open economies in Europe.

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PRODECA reserves the right to remove from its website any content that it deems to breach the legislation in force.

D’acord amb l’article 17.1 de la Llei 19/2014, la ©Generalitat de Catalunya permet la reutilització dels continguts i de les dades sempre que se'n citi la font i la data d'actualització i que no es desnaturalitzi la informació (article 8 de la Llei 37/2007) i també que no es contradigui amb una llicència específica.